Types Of CV: Functional CV

As we should know by now, a CV is the most flexible and convenient way to make applications. It portrays your personal details in a way that presents you in the best possible light. A CV is a marketing document in which you are marketing something: yourself! You need to “sell” your skills, abilities, qualifications and experience to employers.

Last week, Ngcareers shed light on the Chronological CV, today, we will dwell on the functional CV; its advantages and disadvantages and also give you a template.

The Functional CV

Unlike the chronological CV, a functional CV places emphasis on your skills and expertise rather than the chronology of your employment to date.
Although the functional CV is not the preferred choice by most recruiters, some senior executive positions would require that a functional CV accompany a chronological one so that their key skills and achievements can be clearly identified.

How to structure a functional CV

A functional CV typically starts with a personal profile which highlights the achievements, skills and personal qualities that you possess. This is then followed by a succession of sections, each relating to a different skill or ability. These should be arranged in decreasing order of importance. Instead of focusing on any particular job, you should describe your experience in its entirety. Since you are not detailing any specific role, this means you can include any skills or experience gained in voluntary or unpaid work.


• If you have changed jobs frequently, or your experience is a combination of seemingly unrelated positions or if you have several career gaps, a functional CV will help place the emphasis on what you have to offer as a whole rather than your career progression
• If you are changing industry, a functional CV will help the recruiter focus on your transferable skills
• If you are a more mature applicant, a functional CV will take the spotlight away from your age


• If you do not have much work experience, you may struggle to highlight achievements in a separate section
• Most employers do not like this type of CV as they prefer to clearly see what the candidate has done and it also raise questions around whether the candidate is trying to hide something
• A functional CV will not enable you to highlight consistent career progression. If you wish to convey career progression, you should adopt a chronological format

To conclude the CV, you should list your employers with the employment dates, as well as a section on your qualifications. The final section should focus on any other relevant information and hobbies/interests.

Here’s an example of a functional CV

Screenshot_2015-11-09-11-32-34 (1)


Whatever type of CV you choose to employ, always remember that it is selling one thing-YOU! Therefore, it must be to your advantage.

Do you have any question or issues as regarding CV and CV types? Feel free to drop them in the comment box and we will be sure to help you.

Do you want to put together your CV? Are you considering a switch in careers and want your CV to showcase the relevant skill set? Or you simply want a CV upgrade? It doesn’t matter the type; Chronological CV, Functional CV or the highly coveted Targeted CV, Ngcareers have got you covered. Let us give you that wow-effect CV that will get that recruiter itching to see you.

About Stellamaris Obomanu

Loves to read, loves to write, loves to laugh, loves life and yeah, she's as real as they come.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.