Careers in Wildlife That Are Non-Existent or Disappearing in Nigeria

Government in Nigeria places low importance in conservation and promotion of wildlife resources in the country. As a result there are several careers in wildlife that do not have promising prospects. For some of these career paths the opportunities are far disappearing as neglect of the wildlife conservation and tourism sector continues.


Zoologists are interested in animal study but with many animal species in Nigeria endangered, almost going extinct and very few zoos functioning very well in the country there is ever less and less job prospects for zoology graduates.

There are almost no animal training establishments where zoologists can work to train some animals to do certain tasks. In a society that thrives on tourism this alone would open up opportunities for graduates who posses deep knowledge about wildlife and animals.

Wildlife/Conservation Biologist

Wildlife Biologists are primarily concerned with improving conditions for wildlife to exist and grow. Wildlife biologists, also be referred to as conservation biologists, help to ensure wildlife in conservation areas and zoos are not wiped out.

There may not be a cut and dried career path in wildlife conservation as one could veer off into several routes. A career in wildlife conservation could be with the environmental department of big multinationals whose commercial activities have significant impact on wildlife and the environment. Alternatively one can work with international agencies or local NGOs as research assistants, biologists etc.

Lack of strong environmental protection laws impact negatively on the growth of job opportunities in these areas. Few wildlife conservation areas are active to warrant more employment for individuals interested in wildlife conservation.

Forensic Scientists

There is a virtual lack of forensic science in the country and as such someone looking to pursue a career in forensic science will be hardpressed to find opportunities. Forensic scientists provide impartial scientific evidence for use in courts of law to support the prosecution or defence in criminal and civil investigations. Forensic scientists play great roles in wildlife and environment helping to determine through scientific evidence from the key areas of chemistry, biology and toxicology.

Forensic Science as is applicable for biology and wildlife is near non-existent in Nigeria. People looking for a scientific career in that regards can expand their options to include other related areas.


The general decline in wildlife conservation and the growing disregard for enforcing environmental laws adversely affects the outlook of opportunities for ecologists. Ecologists are concerned with ecosystems as a whole, the abundance and distribution of organisms (people, plants, animals), and the relationships between organisms and their environment. Ecologists usually choose a specialist area (e.g. freshwater, marine, terrestrial, fauna, flora) and then carry out a wide range of tasks relating to that area.


An ornithologist studies birds, but there is no clear job description for the profession. Many ornithologists do not work exclusively with birds. They may be ecologists, geneticists, wildlife biologists, land managers, teachers, researchers, outdoor educators, or tour leaders. They may work for federal or state government agencies, non-profit organizations, for-profit companies, or free-lance. They may work exclusively with birds or only as a small part of their job. Ornithologists may work in the field with populations of wild birds, in the laboratory , or on data on their computer. They may specialize in a particular bird group or be a generalist.

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